BHUTAN CULTURAL EXPERIENCE
Cradled in the folds of the Himalayas, Bhutan has relied on its geographical isolation to protect itself from outside cultural influences. A sparsely populated country bordered by India to the south, and China to the north, Bhutan has long maintained a policy of strict isolationism, both culturally and economically, with the goal of preserving its cultural heritage and independence. Only in the last decades of the 20th century were foreigners allowed to visit the country, and only then in limited numbers. In this way, Bhutan has successfully preserved many aspects of its culture, which dates directly back to the mid-17th century.
Modern Bhutanese culture derives from ancient culture. This culture affected the early growth of this country. Dzongkha and Sharchop, the principal Bhutanese languages, are closely related to Tibetan, and Bhutanese monks read and write the ancient variant of the Tibetan language, known as chhokey. The Bhutanese are physically similar to the Tibetans, but history does not record when they crossed over the Himalayas and settled in the south-draining valleys of Bhutan. Both Tibetans and Bhutanese revere the tantric guru, Padmasambhava, the founder of Himalayan Buddhism in the 8th century.
不丹坐落在喜馬拉雅山的褶皺中，依靠其地理上的孤立來保護自己免受外部文化的影響。不丹是一個人口稀少的國家，南邊與印度接壤，北邊與中國接壤，長期以來在文化和經濟上一直奉行嚴格的孤立主義政策，目的是保護其文化遺產和獨立。直到 20 世紀最後幾十年，外國人才被允許訪問該國，而且數量有限。透過這種方式，不丹成功地保存了其文化的許多方面，其歷史可以直接追溯到 17 世紀中葉。 現代不丹文化源自古代文化。這種文化影響了這個國家的早期發展。不丹的主要語言宗卡語和夏喬普語與藏語密切相關，不丹僧侶讀寫藏語的古代變體，稱為“chhokey”。不丹人的體質與西藏人相似，但歷史並沒有記載他們何時越過喜馬拉雅山並定居在不丹南部的排水河谷。藏人和不丹人都尊崇密宗上師蓮花生大士，他是八世紀喜馬拉雅佛教的創始人。